2022年6月23日 星期四

Hollywood’s Last Real Movie Star 阿湯哥 好萊塢最後的真正巨星

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2022/06/24 第388期 訂閱/退訂看歷史報份
紐時周報精選 Hollywood's Last Real Movie Star 阿湯哥 好萊塢最後的真正巨星
The Information War in Ukraine Is Far From Over 俄烏資訊戰仍遠未結束
Hollywood's Last Real Movie Star 阿湯哥 好萊塢最後的真正巨星
文/Nicole Sperling

阿湯哥 好萊塢最後的真正巨星

The helicopter had the star's name painted on it, the letters coming into focus as it landed on the retired aircraft carrier, which was adorned for the occasion with an expansive red carpet and a smattering of fighter jets. Tom Cruise. Top Gun. Maverick.


It couldn't have been anyone else.


Decked out in a slim-fitting suit, his hair a little shaggier and his face a little craggier than when he first played Lt. Pete "Maverick" Mitchell more than three decades ago, Cruise took the stage on the USS Midway while Harold Faltermeyer's iconic theme music played in the background.


Gesturing to the spectacle around him, including the crowd of fans and media members, Cruise said: "This moment right here, to see everybody at this time, no masks. Everyone. This is, this is pretty epic."


It also felt like a time capsule. The three-hour promotional escapade — which included a batch of F-18 fighter jets executing a flyover to the sound of a Lady Gaga song from the film — harkened back to the halcyon days of Hollywood glamour. Days when Disney didn't think twice about shuttling an aircraft carrier from San Diego to Hawaii for the premiere of Michael Bay's "Pearl Harbor" in 2001. That kind of extravagance seems almost unthinkable today, when the streaming algorithm and its accompanying digital marketing efforts have replaced the old-fashioned boots-on-the-ground publicity tour with stars circumnavigating the globe, and studios spending millions to turn movie openings into cultural events.


Making these events go were the film's megastars. They are the kind of stars who no longer really exist. Now, it's the characters that count. Three actors have portrayed Spider-Man and six have donned the Batman cowl for the big screen. Audiences have shown up for all of them. The Avengers may unite to huge box office returns but how much does it matter who's wearing the tights?


Yet there is Cruise, trundling along as if the world hasn't changed at all. He's the last remaining global star who still only makes movies for movie theaters. He hasn't ventured into streaming.


There is a moment in "Top Gun: Maverick" where Ed Harris, playing Maverick's superior, tells him, "The end is inevitable. Your kind is headed to extinction."


And Cruise, still holding on to that brash self-confidence that made him a movie star four decades ago, grins at him and replies, "Maybe so, sir. But not today."


There are plenty of people in the movie industry who hope he's right.


The Information War in Ukraine Is Far From Over 俄烏資訊戰仍遠未結束
文/Serge Schmemann


If the first casualty of war is truth, then the corollary in Ukraine is that information is the first battlefield.


That was where the war began, in early 2022, weeks before Vladimir Putin sent the first rockets, armored vehicles and troops into Ukraine, when he claimed that the massive buildup of troops along Ukraine's borders was but another military exercise. And that was where the United States and its allies scored their first victories, when they made public intelligence anticipating the invasion and the pretext Putin would use for it.


Then, when the invasion began in February, Ukraine's president, Volodymyr Zelenskyy, opened a second information front. He donned a soldier's olive-drab T-shirt and issued a torrent of defiant tweets, speeches and images from devastated villages, much of it targeted at Russian audiences. His metamorphosis from a relatively unpopular president to a David defying Goliath has been instrumental in solidifying popular, military and economic support for Ukraine in the United States and Europe.


In these first information battles, the Americans and Ukrainians showed that they had learned the lessons of 2014, when Russia had the upper hand in propaganda, assaulting Crimea and eastern Ukraine while claiming to be responding to pleas from Russian-speaking residents.


But the information war, like the physical war, is far from decided. Fourteen weeks into the war, many Russians seem to accept Putin's narrative. Around the world, many countries remain on the sidelines or, like China, are on Russia's side. While Washington's public comments have served to bolster the Ukrainians and rally their allies, some of those comments have played directly into Putin's claims of a malign America determined to neuter Russia, as when President Joe Biden said of Putin, "This man cannot remain in power," and Defense Secretary Lloyd Austin declared that America's goal is a "weakened" Russia.


As the war enters a new phase, as the images and horrors become familiar and the costs rise, it will become ever more difficult for the Biden administration and for Zelenskyy to sustain their early lead in the information war. That makes it all the more imperative for the West to press the message that this is not a war Ukraine chose and that the cost of allowing Putin to have his way in Ukraine would be far higher than the sacrifices required to block him.


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